An interesting way to understand virtual distance is to analyze the ‘pieces’ separately. So let us think of virtual distance as the interaction of three factors: physical, emotional, and operational distance. Physical distance speaks for itself: how far away is the person from you physically? Is she across the corridor, across an ocean, or across the world? Implicit in physical distance may be other considerations: if the person is located at a great distance, she probably lives in another time zone and that may impact the functioning of the virtual team. He may live in another country or another continent, with its own cultures and languages and business expectations. Thus physical distance and its implications are important to consider.
Emotional distance is how well you know the other person, and the degree of empathy and trust that you have with one another. This is one of the great challenges of virtual teams: how to reduce emotional distance and build empathy and trust with people living far away whom you’ve probably never met. It is not easy to do, but there are steps we can take to make this situation better. The first step is to understand the nature of the challenge and to recognize how important emotional distance can be to the functioning of a virtual team.
Operational distance is about getting things done, executing work-related tasks in a timely and productive manner across virtual distance. This is about the specific value chains and internal processes of different enterprises, and there can be tremendous variations in operational distance: there are globe-spanning supply chains that work flawlessly across time and space, and there are restaurants that can’t deliver a pizza across town before it gets cold. So we need to think carefully about how to reduce operational distance as well.
Now that we have a sense of physical, emotional, and operational distance, we can use these concepts to better understand our personal challenges with virtual distance.
by Mark Brown